# Question :
3.2 Opportunity Cost
1) In a production possibilities frontier graph, the : 1238996

3.2 Opportunity Cost

1) In a production possibilities frontier graph, the cost of producing more units of a good is measured by the

A) dollar value of the resources used to produce the good.

B) amount of the other good or service that must be forgone.

C) dollar value of the additional output.

D) area in the arc between the PPF and a straight line drawn between the starting point and the ending point.

E) None of the above answers is correct.

2) The opportunity cost of producing one more unit of a good is calculated by dividing the

A) increase in the quantity of that good by the decrease in the quantity of other good.

B) total quantity of that good by the total quantity of other good.

C) decrease in the quantity of the other good by the increase in the quantity of the good whose opportunity cost we’re calculating.

D) total quantity of the other good by the total quantity of the good whose opportunity cost we’re calculating.

E) price of the good whose opportunity cost we are calculating by the number of units of the other good that are forgone.

3) To find the opportunity cost of producing one more unit of any product while on the production possibilities frontier requires

A) setting the amounts of the two products equal to each other.

B) setting the change in one product equal to the change in the other product.

C) dividing the amount of the product forgone by the amount of the product gained.

D) subtracting the change in the product whose production increased from the change in the product whose production decreased.

E) None of these describe how to find opportunity cost.

4) To calculate the opportunity cost per unit, you divide the decrease in the quantity of the forgone item by the

A) decrease in the quantity of the other item.

B) increase in the quantity of the other item obtained.

C) price of the item obtained.

D) price of the item forgone.

E) price of the item obtained and then multiply by the price of the item forgone.

5) On a production possibilities frontier, 500 pounds of apples and 1,200 pounds of bananas can be produced while at another point on the same frontier, 300 pounds of apples and 1,300 pounds of bananas can be produced. Between these points, what is the opportunity cost of producing a pound of bananas?

A) 2 pounds of bananas

B) 200 pounds of apples

C) 2 pounds of apples

D) 0.5 a pound of apples

E) 12/5 = 2.4 pounds of apples

6) On a production possibilities frontier, 500 pounds of apples and 1,200 pounds of bananas can be produced while at another point on the same frontier, 300 pounds of apples and 1,300 pounds of bananas can be produced. Between these points, what is the opportunity cost of producing a pound of apples?

A) 2 pounds of bananas

B) 100 pounds of bananas

C) 2 pounds of apples

D) 0.5 of a pound of bananas

E) 5/12 of a pound of bananas

7) A country produces only apples and bananas. Moving from point A to point B along its production possibilities frontier, 5 apples are forgone and 4 bananas are gained. What is the opportunity cost of a banana?

A) 4 apples

B) 5/4 of an apple

C) 4/5 of an apple

D) 1 banana

E) None of the above answers is correct.

8) A country produces only apples and bananas. Moving from point A to point B along its production possibilities frontier, 5 apples are gained and 4 bananas are forgone. What is the opportunity cost of an apple?

A) 4 bananas

B) 5/4 of a banana

C) 4/5 of a banana

D) 1 apple

E) None of the above answers is correct.

9) Robinson Crusoe divides his time between catching fish and gathering fruit. Part of his production possibilities frontier is given in the above table. If Mr. Crusoe is on his PPF and he increases the amount of fruit he gathers from 56 to 90 pounds, the opportunity cost is

A) 37 pounds of fish.

B) 31 pounds of fish.

C) 17 pounds of fish.

D) 34 pounds of fruit.

E) 90 pounds of fruit.

10) Robinson Crusoe divides his time between catching fish and gathering fruit. Part of his production possibilities frontier is given in the above table. Mr. Crusoe, while lonesome, is efficient and always stays on his PPF. Mr. Crusoe is consuming 20 pounds of fish. Then he decides to slowly become a vegetarian and decrease his consumption of fish to 9 pounds. This decision means that Mr. Crusoe will

A) incur an opportunity cost of 9 pounds of fruit.

B) incur an opportunity cost of 20 pounds of fish.

C) be able to enjoy a gain of 9 pounds of fruit.

D) incur an opportunity cost of 99 pounds of fruit.

E) incur an opportunity cost of 9 pounds of fish.